Site Map  Polytopes  Dynkin Diagrams  Vertex Figures, etc.  Incidence Matrices  Index 
Compounds are defined to be multicovers of a single spot by more than just a single polytope. Sure there are infinitely many such possibilities, even continuously related. So the more interesting case comes up, when there is an overall symmetry (not needed to be the same of the used polytopes), under the action of which the total compound is preserved. Sure, there are slightly shifted copies too, which make up such a symmetrical compound: the center of that shift vector serves for inversonal symmetry. Thus, the symmetrical compounds of real interest would require an overall symmetry, which at least is the same (or probably larger) than that of its components. Examples here are all compounds of dual pairs (which by definition have the same overall symmetry as each component – except for selfduals, where symmetry is increased by the exchange of those 2 components) or even the ones given in the lower part of plate 7 (there, in the first 2 cases, componenets are considered under pyritohedral symmetry only, while the compound symmetry comes out to be full cubical).
Compounds moreover are called uniform, if within the definition of polytopal uniformity we replace vertex transivity by vertex figures transivity. This is because for compounds it might be possible to have still no completely coincident elements of subdimension larger than 0, but having coincident vertices none the less. There, this stated demand asks for some symmetry, which interchanges those coincident vertices of the related components as well.
As an aside one might ask whether this uniformity already requires compounds to be isohedral. This can be answered kind of depending: Consider 2 (or more) vertex coincident isohedral compounds (or polytopes), both of the same edgelength, and take the (mere) compound of those. The above stated demand now would require some symmetry which interchanges the vertex figures of the components. This generally would not work. But if we thereafter would identify coincident vertices, the picture changes. We no longer have coincident vertices with single vertex figures each, but we get single vertices with compound vertex figures. Consequently that additional above requirement brakes down, as there is nothing left to be interchanged. (It only remains the question, whether we still have true compounds, or if we would have changed this status, slightly towards mere polytopes, by the application of identification of coinciding vertices.)
Accordingly, more generally we could consider compounds of (possibly) different components, whenever those components have the same circumradius and moreover are inscribed into a common convex hull, while the subset of components of each type already makes up the full overall symmetry of the total compound, and further all those types of components will have the same edge length. (This will brake down in 2D, as different polygons, with the same edgelength, always have different circumradii.) Just to provide examples:
 cid, seen as uniform compound of an ike with a vertex coincident gad
 gacid, seen as uniform compound of a sissid with a vertex coincident gike
 sicdatrid, seen as uniform compound of a sidtid with 5 vertex coincident cubes (or, equivalently, with a rhom)
 gicdatrid, seen as uniform compound of a gidtid with 5 vertex coincident cubes (or, equivalently, with a rhom)
 cadditradid, seen as uniform compound of a ditdid with 5 vertex coincident cubes (or, equivalently, with a rhom)
 badhidy, seen as uniform compound of a tigaghi with a vertex coincident quit sishi
Note that for such uniform compounds (with identified vertices) the demand on uniformity of individual components would not hold! Just consider the (mere) compound of 12 (scaliform) pentagonal pyramids, vertexinscribed into an icosahedron (which itself will not belong to that compound). That compound thus even qualifies as isohedral. If it additionally is asked to be uniform, from the damand on vertex figure transitivity it becomes clear that vertices need to be identified. – Thus we then constructed a uniform compound (with identified vertices) from nonuniform components! (In fact a hollow and moreover Grünbaumian one, as triagles are completely coincident by 3 each.)
Thus, as long as vertex identification does not take place, uniform compounds need not only be isogonal (by definition), but come out to be isohedral as well. And likewise their components too will be uniform polytopes only.
A compound can be defined to be regular, just like a polytope, when it is transitive on all subdimensional elements. Moreover, there are further qualifiers of that type, introduced by Coxeter, vertexregular and (dually) faceregular (or rather using a corresponding qualifier for the (n1)dimensional element). These are achieved, when the vertices (resp. the facetplanes) belong to a regular polytope. That is, when the encasing convex hull (resp. the common intersection kernel) would be a regular polytope. Or, again stated in an other way, vertexregular compounds occure as facetings of regular polytopes, while faceregular compounds occure as stellations of regular polytopes.
For (isohedral) vertexregular compounds and their duals Coxeter introduced the following notation:
a P [b Q] c R
where Q denotes the (regular) component polytopes (therefore, like P and R too, usually written as Schläfli symbol), b is the count of components. If vertexregular, one has an encasing regular polytope P, the vertices of which will be used by a components each. Conversely, if face(t)regular, there is a common intersection kernel which is a further regular polytope R, again possibly with its facetplanes being used by c components each. If vertexregular but not face(t)regular, the final part behind the closing square bracket will be omitted; conversely, if face(t)regular but not vertexregular the part before the opening one is omitted. (Examples will be given below, as far as applicable. The facetregular case for Q being a simplex and b=2 will be considered through all dimensions at the end.)
Compounds need some extension to the "normal" incidence matrix description, which is due to their multiple components. The appropriately extended description can be found here, and will be used within the individual compound files linked below.
Some compounds show up an overall symmetry which is the same as that of the individual components too. Then those compounds can be described by a (stacked) Dynkin symbol. Further, compounds of 2 components occasionally might be described as both of the alternated facetings (i.e. compound of snubs). Then they can be described by an holosnub notation.
Blends
Closely related with the topics of (generall, i.e. not necessarily uniform) compounds is the topic of blends, a concept intoduced by Olshevsky. Likewise it might deal with multicovers of a single spot by more than one polytope (infact, here the number generally will be 2, asked by the dyadicity argument used below). For blends this furthermore asks for having at least one of its facets each completely coincident. The blend then will be set up by the reduction of the component polytopes by these coincident facets, readjoining these reductions dyadically at those coincident (open) ridges. Therefore, blends (of polytopes) are still true polytopes. Also there are 2 kinds of blends, internal and external, depending on having the polytopal centers on the same resp. on different sides of the facetal hyperplane. For instance, many of the Johnson solids are external blends of easier components. (The idea of blends sure can also be applied to compounds instead of mere polytopes.) For an explicit example of an internal blend consider the one built from 2 pentagonal prisms (pip), readjoined (internally) at a lacing square, having the componental axes arranged orthogonally (tupip). – The withdrawn original doubled up facets clearly still hold their shapes, just having no body any more, therefore those could be spoken of as pseudo facets.
It further might occur that subsets of uniform polytopes of the same regiment form a group under the action of blending. Such a group then is called a cohort. For instance co, oho, and cho make up such a cohort of 3. (In fact, here either one can be produced as the blend of the other two.)
Fissary Polytopes, Complexified Polytopes, and Exotic Polytopes
The higher the dimension the count of possible polytopes increases exponentially. So some restrictions onto what should be considered a "true" polytope might be in place. Dyadicity, i.e. every edge has exactly 2 ends, and, dually, every ridge connects exactly 2 facets, is rather generally accepted. Compounds on the other side are excluded. But even then the realm of uniform polytopes becomes rather huge. Even for 4D the count of known uniform polychora runs way beyond 8000, Grünbaumian figures with completely coincident elements not even included. This situation was the reason for Johnson and Bowers to introduce the following attributes for in a stricter sense further on to be excluded "polychoroids".
One being the attribute fissary, kind as a midway between "true" polytopes and compounds, attributed to noncompound polytopes which have a compound vertex figure.
Dual to fissary polytopes would be figures using compounds for facets (i.e. d1faces), but still are not themselves compounds. Those are called complexified polytopes. – In fact this situation happens to occur quite often beyond 3D. Consider facets showing up both, the same symmetry and the same circumradius. Accordingly those would have to occur as facets on the same subsymmetry axis of the polytope of consideration, and on that axis moreover they have to be placed at the same distance. I.e. those become corealmic. In case they are not identic subpolytopes and so would be completely coincident (then could be blended out, for instance), those will become compounds (not necessarily uniform ones, although their components are uniform, confer the semicompounds mentioned above). – Because those complexified polytopes need some multiwrap (more than one facet occupies the same direction) those clearly cannot occur for convex figures. In contrary they come rather close to Grünbaumian figures.
Then the exotic ones, attributed to polytopes with completely coinciding ridges (i.e. d2faces). Although those exotic polytopes are wellbehaved dyadic abstract polytopes, their Grünbaumian realisation for some authors would give rise to "see" their coincidic elements being identified. This shows their closeness to nondyadic "polytopes". Examples here are gidisdrid and cid in 3D (with coincident edges), or seedatepthi in 4D (with coincident pentagons).
 2D 
For uniform compounds in 2D we only have 2 possibilities. The first possibility occurs whenever any number k of n/dgons (k and d free of common divisors) is arranged within an encasing (approprately scaled) kngon (vertexregular); cf. the picture below, where k=n=3 and d=1). By selfduality of polygons one likewise could say, that those are derived as stellations of their common intersection, i.e. a smaller copy of that kngon (edgeregular). In general this is what Coxeter denotes as {kn}[k{n/d}]{kn}. Obviously these are the regular compounds of this dimensionality. By definition this type of compound clearly is a static one. Even though, it might occure (for k=2) as limiting case of the following, continuos case. – For the cases with k=2 also a closed Dynkin notation can be provided:
{2n}[2{n/d}]{2n} = βn/dβ = xon/dox
The other possibility here contains a continuous parameter, but uses 2 components only. Those compounds are obtained by any specific uniform polygon, which is mirrored at any line which itself is not a mirror symmetry of that first component. Obviously, there is a continuous range of such choices for the angle to be taken between 2 such (neighbouring) mirrors. – Instead of 2 copies of some simple polygon as components, also 2 copies of some regular compound, i.e. one of the first kind, could be used alike. Then, for sure, the total number of components will become accordingly twice the component count of either of those 2 involved component compounds.
regular polygonal compound {9}[3{3}]{9} within an encasing polygon (resp. around a polygon)  continuously deformable uniform compound of 2 polygons (or of 2 regular compounds) 
Coxeter  Dynkin  Bowers  name 
{6}[2{3}]{6} 
xo3ox  shig  stellated hexagon, star of David 
{8}[2{4}]{8} 
xo4ox  soc  stellated octagon, star of Lakshmi 
{9}[3{3}]{9}  fen  fissal eneagon  
{10}[2{5}]{10} 
xo5ox  sadeg  stellated decagon 
{10}[2{5/2}]{10} 
xo5/2ox  sadag  stellated decagram 
{12}[2{6}]{12} 
xo6ox  sedog  stellated dodecagon 
{12}[3{4}]{12}  trisq  trisquare  
{12}[4{3}]{12}  tetri  tetratrigon 
Any 2D regular compound (in Coxeter's reading provided above) clearly is also regular in the sense of flagtransitivity. This sadly does not take over to the other dimensions, so.
 3D 
The listing of uniform compounds of this dimension was done by Skilling in 1976. There are again those 2 possibilities. They all are given within the following pictures of Bowers. For the static ones the encasing polyhedron no longer needs to be uniform itself, its edges might have different sizes. And for the deformable ones, the number of components no longer is bound to be 2.
The set of regular 3D compounds ia made up from so, ki, e, rhom, and se. As given below, the first three thus would be fully regular (both vertex and faceregular), while rhom is only vertexregular, conversely its dual, se, is just faceregular.
so (stella octangula)  S04 = selfdual compound of 2 tet within an encasing cube common intersection being an oct {4,3}[2{3,3}]{3,4} cf. details only flagtransitive 3D compound ki (chiroicosahedron)  S05 = selfdual compound of 5 tet within an encasing doe common intersection being an ike {5,3}[5{3,3}]{3,5} e (icosiicosahedron)  S06 = selfdual compound of 10 tet within an encasing doe common intersection being an ike vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3}[10{3,3}]2{3,5} rhom (rhombihedron)  S09 = compound of 5 cube edgefaceting of sidtid within an encasing doe common intersection being a rhote vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3}[5{4,3}] se (small icosiicosahedron)  S17 = compound of 5 oct within an encasing id common intersection being an ike [5{3,4}]2{3,5} hirki (hemirhombichiroicosahedron)  S18 = compound of 5 thah within an encasing id tisso (truncated stella octangula)  S54 = compound of 2 tut within an encasing q3o4x common intersection being an oct [2{;3;3}]{3,4} taki (truncated chiroicosahedron)  S55 = compound of 5 tut common intersection being an ike [5{;3;3}]{3,5} te (truncated icosiicosahedron)  S56 = compound of 10 tut common intersection being an ike [10{;3;3}]2{3,5} arie (antirhombicosicosahedron)  S59 = compound of 5 co iddei (icosidisicosahedron)  S61 = compound of 5 oho gari (great antirhombicosahedron)  S60 = compound of 5 cho 

rasseri (rhombisnub rhombicosicoahedron)  S62 = compound of 5 sirco rahrie (rhombihyperhombicosicosahedron)  S64 = compound of 5 socco rasher (rhombisnub hyperhombihedron)  S63 = compound of 5 sroh raquahri (rhombiquasihyperhombicosicosahedron)  S65 = compound of 5 gocco rosaqri (rhombisnub quasirhombicosicosahedron)  S67 (old: rasquahpri = rhombisnub quasihyperpseudorhombicosicosahedron) = compound of 5 querco rasquahr (rhombisnub quasihyperrhombihedron)  S66 = compound of 5 groh tar (truncated rhombihedron)  S57 (old: harie = hyperhombicosicosahedron) = compound of 5 tic quitar (quasitruncated rhombihedron)  S58 (old: quahri = quasihyperhombicosicosahedron) = compound of 5 quith siddo (snub disoctahedron)  S46 = compound of 2 ike within an encasing x3f4o presipsido (pseudoretrosnub pentagonal snub (pseudo)disoctahedron)  S48 = compound of 2 gad within an encasing x3f4o passipsido (pseudosnub pentagrammatic snub (pseudo)disoctahedron)  S50 = compound of 2 sissid within an encasing x3f4o sirsido (small retrosnub disoctahedron)  S52 = compound of 2 gike within an encasing x3f4o 

sne (snub icosiicosahedron)  S47 = compound of 5 ike presipsi (pseudoretrosnub pentagonal snub (pseudo)icosiicosahedron)  S49 = compound of 5 gad passipsi (pseudosnub pentagrammattic snub (pseudo)icosiicosahedron)  S51 = compound of 5 sissid sirsei (small retrosnub icosiicosahedron)  S53 = compound of 5 gike rah (rhombihexahedron)  S08 = compound of 3 cube within an encasing x3w4o common intersection being a sircostellation (the mere edgetruncation of the cube) risdoh (rhombisnub dishexahedron)  S07 = compound of 6 cube : rotational freedom ro ((chiral) rhombioctahedron)  S30 = compound of 4 trip dro (dirhombioctahedron)  S31 = compound of 8 trip gassic ((chiral) great snub cube)  S42 = compound of 3 squap gidsac (great disnub cube)  S43 = compound of 6 squap griso (great rhombisnub octahedron)  S38 = compound of 4 hip sno (snub octahedron)  S12 = compound of 4 oct within an encasing o3x4q 

daso (old: doso; disnub octahedron)  S11 = compound of 8 oct : rotational freedom, see idso, hidso, odso idso (inner disnub octahedron) special range of daso hidso (hexagrammattic disnub octahedron) special case of daso (lateral {3} become (rotated) 2{3}compounds) odso (outer disnub octahedron) special range of daso dissit (disnub tetrahedron)  S10 = compound of 4 oct : rotational freedom, see idsit, hidsit, odsit idsit (inner disnub tetrahedron) special range of dissit hidsit (hexagrammattic disnub tetrahedron) special case of dissit (lateral {3} become (rotated) 2{3}compounds) odsit (outer disnub tetrahedron) special range of dissit sis (small snubihedron)  S01 = compound of 6 tet : rotational freedom, see snu snu (snubihedron)  S03 special case of sis (2fold axes become 4fold) within an encasing x3w4o dis (disnubihedron)  S02 = compound of 12 tet : rotational freedom rassid (rhombisnub dodecahedron)  S40 = compound of 6 dip grassid (great rhombisnub dodecahedron)  S41 = compound of 6 stiddip rosi (rhombisnub icosahedron)  S39 = compound of 10 hip 

kred (old: red, chirorhombidodecahedron)  S34 = compound of 6 pip within an encasing f3x5o dird (dirhimbidodecahedron)  S35 = compound of 12 pip within an encasing f3x5o vertices coincide by pairs gikrid (great chirorhombidodecahedron)  S36 = compound of 6 stip within an encasing srid {;3,5;}[6{;5/2,2;}] giddird (great dirhombidodecahedron)  S37 = compound of 12 stip within an encasing srid vertices coincide by pairs 2{;3,5;}[12{;5/2,2;}] kri (chirorhombicosahedron)  S32 = compound of 10 trip within an encasing x3f5o dri (dirhombicosahedron)  S33 = compound of 20 trip within an encasing x3f5o vertices coincide by pairs gassid (great snub dodecahedron)  S27 = compound of 6 pap gadsid (great disnub dodecahedron)  S26 = compound of 12 pap : rotational freedom gissed (great invertisnub dodecahedron)  S29 = compound of 6 starp gidasid (great invertidisnub dodecahedron)  S28 = compound of 12 starp : rotational freedom sassid ((chiral) small snub dodecahedron)  S44 = compound of 6 stap sadsid (small disnub dodecahedron)  S45 = compound of 12 stap 

si (snub icosahedron)  S16 = compound of 10 oct addasi (altered disnub icosahedron)  S13 : rotational freedom, see oddasi, dasi, iddasi, giddasi oddasi (outer disnub icosahedron) = compound of 20 oct special range of addasi dasi (disnub icosahedron)  S14 = compound of 20 oct special case of addasi edgefaceting of gidrid vertices coincide by pairs iddasi (inner disnub icosahedron) = compound of 20 oct special range of addasi giddasi (great disnub icosahedron) = compound of 20 oct special range of addasi gissi (great snub icosahedron)  S15 = compound of 10 oct sapisseri ((chiral) snub pseudosnub rhombicosahedron)  S19 = compound of 20 thah edgefaceting of gidrid vertices coincide by pairs disco (disnub cuboctahedron)  S68 = compound of 2 snic dissid (disnub icosidodecahedron)  S69 = compound of 2 snid disdid (disnub dodecadodecahedron)  S73 = compound of 2 siddid giddasid (great disnub icosidodecahedron)  S70 = compound of 2 gosid idisdid (invertidisnub dodecadodecahedron)  S74 = compound of 2 isdid 

gidsid (great invertidisnub icosidodecahedron)  S71 = compound of 2 gisid desided (disnub icosidodecadodecahedron)  S75 = compound of 2 sided gidrissid (great diretrosnub icosidodecahedron)  S72 = compound of 2 girsid 
The similar compound of 2 enantiomorphic snubs (as given on Bowers last 2 figure plates above) for the case of gisdid there (and usually) is excluded from the listings for the same reason as Grünbaumian figures were excluded from normal polytopes, i.e. because of the complete coincidence of facial elements (pentagrams in that case). That one would be a further edge faceting of gidrid. – Likewise the compound of 3 (orthogonal) op is here not contained. The corresponding blend is nothing but sroh. Conjungately the compound of 3 (orthogonal) stop, blending out the coincident squares, would result in groh.
None the same, what really is missing in these above pictures, are all the axial cases, based on the 2D compounds cf.
Axials  n/dprisms  n/dantiprisms d odd 
n/dantiprisms d even 
regular compound bases 
S21 (esp. 2 cubes) 
S23 (esp. 2 oct) 
S25 
rotational freedom 
S20 
S22 
S24 
Interesting compounds with higher symmetry than that of its componenents so can even be obtained from nonuniform components. Sure, the result then will not become uniform either. As an according example might serve the compound of 5 rad.
©
 2D (euclidean tilings) 
At the end of 2020 Binnendyk came up with some compounds of flat euclidean tilings as well. He found them by generalizing common edge figures of spherical space polyhedra or according compounds to higher numbers, then becoming flat. (© : The below provided handdrawn sketches all are his and are reproduced from that cited page.)
vertex configuration 
P = 4 (spherical) 
P = 5 (spherical) 
P = 6 (euclidean compound) 

(3, 6, P/2, 6) 
©tisso = 2tutcompound 
©siid 
2thatcompound 
(P/2, P, P/2, P) 
compound of 3 squaredihedra (as diagonals of oct) together with inserted Grünbaumian edge multicovers 
©did 
3thatcompound 
(3, 2P/3, P, 2P/3) 
©gocco 
©gidditdid 
4rothatcompound 
(4, P/2, 4, P) 
©rah = 3cubecompound 
©raded 
©3rothatcompound 
(6, 2P, 2P/3) 
©cotco 
©idtid 
©4grothatcompound 
(2P/3, 2P/3, (10P)/(6P)) 
©quith 
©quit sissid 
(dense) ∞azipcompound 
(4, 2P/3, 2(10P)/(6P)) 
©quitco 
©quitdid 
(sparse) ∞azipcompound 
 4D 
Because the set of uniform polychora is not proven to be enlisted completely so far, even less is known about uniform compounds of 4dimensional space. And even of those which are known so far only some are listed here ...
sorted alphabetically by components  

teppix = compound of 60 deca in dattady regiment, in hi army vertices coincide by 3 3{5,3,3}[60{3;3;3}] ??? = compound of 6 dedip in hi army {5,3,3}[6{;5,2;5}] sadtap = compound of 36 dedip in sidtaxhi regiment, in hi army vertices coincide by 6, edges coincide by pairs 6{5,3,3}[36{;5,2;5}] fasp = compound of 12 distadedip ("fissal swirlprism") xehix = compound of 60 duhd ("hexacosahemihexacosachoron") in sishi regiment katdex = compound of 2 ex ("chirotetrahedral dishexacosachoron") spohi = compound of 5 ex in hi army {5,3,3}[5{3,3,5}] kepisna = compound of 6 ex in rox army {3;3,5}[6{3,3,5}] sody = compound of 10 ex in hi army vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3,3}[10{3,3,5}] kidisna = compound of 10 ex in rahi army {3,3;5}[10{3,3,5}] pedisna = compound of 12 ex in rox army vertices coincide by pairs 2{3;3,5}[12{3,3,5}] ditusna = compound of 20 ex in rahi army vertices coincide by pairs 2{3,3;5}[20{3,3,5}] firmax = compound of 25 firp ("facetorectified medial hexacosachoron") in romex regiment frahdet = compound of 2 firt ("facetobirectified haddet") fispohi (old: fasophi) = compound of 5 fix ("faceted small pentishecatonicosachoron") in hi army {5,3,3}[5{3,5,5/2}] kihp = compound of 6 fix ("chiroicosahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army fassody = compound of 10 fix ("faceted small deckishecatonicosachoron") in hi army vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3,3}[10{3,5,5/2}]2{3,3,5} dihp = compound of 12 fix ("disicosahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army vertices coincide by pairs firdox (old: fapchix) = compound of 25 frico ("facetorectified dodecahedronaryhexacosachoron", old: "facetopentacubic hecatonicosahexacosachoron") in rissidtixhi regiment, in rahi army gogakix = compound of 5 gaghi ("great grand chirohexacosachoron") in hi army {5,3,3}[5{5,5/2,3}] gigakidhep = compound of 6 gaghi ("great grand chirododecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army gigadex = compound of 10 gaghi ("great grand dishexacosachoron") in hi army vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3,3}[10{5,5/2,3}]2{3,3,5} gigadidhep = compound of 12 gaghi ("great grand disdodecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army vertices coincide by pairs gakix = compound of 5 gahi ("grand chirohexacosachoron") in hi army {5,3,3}[5{5,3,5/2}] gakidhep = compound of 6 gahi ("grand chirododecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army gadex = compound of 10 gahi ("grand dishexacosachoron") in hi army vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3,3}[10{5,3,5/2}]2{3,3,5} gadidhep = compound of 12 gahi ("grand disdodecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army vertices coincide by pairs gaqragi = compound of 3 gaqrit ("great quasirhombated gico") gaqrigastic = compound of 6 gaqrit ("great quasirhombated gistic") gaskix = compound of 5 gashi ("grand stellated chirohexacosachoron") in hi army {5,3,3}[5{5/2,5,5/2}] gaskadhep = compound of 6 gashi ("grand stellated chirododecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army gasdex = compound of 10 gashi ("grand stellated dishexacosachoron") in hi army vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3,3}[10{5/2,5,5/2}]2{3,3,5} gasdadhep = compound of 12 gashi ("grand stellated disdodecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army vertices coincide by pairs gasspohi = compound of 5 gax ("grand snub pentishecatonicosachoron") in hi army {5,3,3}[5{3,3,5/2}] gassody = compound of 10 gax ("grand snub deckishecatonicosachoron") in hi army vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3,3}[10{3,3,5/2}] gakpisna = compound of 6 gax ("grand chiropental snubbachoron") in rox army gapdisna = compound of 12 gax ("grand pental disnubbachoron") in rox army vertices coincide by pairs afpox = compound of 60 gippid in affixthi regiment vertices coincide by pairs gepdi = compound of 3 girdo ("great prismatodisicositetrachoron") in giddic regiment, in spic army giskix = compound of 5 gishi ("great stellated chirohexacosachoron") in hi army {5,3,3}[5{5/2,3,5}] giskadhep = compound of 6 gishi ("great stellated chirododecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army gisdex = compound of 10 gishi ("great stellated dishexacosachoron") in hi army vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3,3}[10{5/2,3,5}]2{3,3,5} gisdadhep = compound of 12 gishi ("great stellated disdodecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army vertices coincide by pairs gisdidhop = compound of 20 gishi ("great stellated disicosahedronary dishyperprismatochoron") kiparp = compound of 6 gisp ("chiropentagrammatic retroprismatochoron") in rox army diparp = compound of 12 gisp ("dipentagrammatic retroprismatochoron") in rox army vertices coincide by pairs gifspohi = compound of 5 gofix ("great faceted small pentishecatonicosachoron") in hi army {5,3,3}[5{3,5/2,5}] gikihp = compound of 6 gofix ("great chiroicosahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army gifsody = compound of 10 gofix ("great faceted small deckishecatonicosachoron") in hi army vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3,3}[10{3,5/2,5}]2{3,3,5} gidihp = compound of 12 gofix ("great disicosahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army vertices coincide by pairs gogiskix = compound of 5 gogishi ("great grand stellated chirohexacosachoron") gogaskadhep = compound of 6 gogishi ("great grand stellated chirododecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in f3o3x5o army gogisdex = compound of 10 gogishi ("great grand stellated dishexacosachoron") gogasdadhep = compound of 12 gogishi ("great grand stellated disdodecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in f3o3x5o army gokix = compound of 5 gohi ("great chirohexacosachoron") in hi army {5,3,3}[5{5,5/2,5}] gikadhep = compound of 6 gohi ("great chirododecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army godex = compound of 10 gohi ("great dishexacosachoron") in hi army vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3,3}[10{5,5/2,5}]2{3,3,5} gedadhep = compound of 12 gohi ("great disdodecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army vertices coincide by pairs gedidhop = compound of 20 gohi ("great disicosahedronary dishyperprismatochoron") garstic = compound of 2 grico ("great rhombated stellated tetracontoctachoron") gristed = compound of 2 (inverted) grip ("great rhombated stellated decachoron") gargi = compound of 3 grit ("great rhombated gico") gargastic = compound of 6 grit ("great rhombated gistic") ditsop = compound of 12 gudap ("ditrigonary swirlprism") in sishi regiment, in ex army haddet = compound of 2 hex ("demidistesseract") in tes army {4,3,3}[2{3,3,4}] stico = compound of 3 hex in ico army {3,4,3}[3{3,3,4}]2{3,4,3} flagtransitive sistic = compound of 6 hex ("stellated stoc") in stoc army flagtransitive kixfig = compound of 8 hex ("chirocrossifissal 64choron") in odip army (because hex is just the 83stepprism within odip) chiral kotapna = compound of 12 hex ("chirotrigonal antiprismary enenahexachoron") in rico army {3;4,3}[12{3,3,4}] cefdig = compound of 16 hex ("crossifissal dis64choron") in odip army (because hex is just the 83stepprism within odip) botapna = compound of 24 hex ("bitrigonal antiprismary enenahexachoron") in rico army vertices coincide by pairs 2{3;4,3}[24{3,3,4}] hesatdi = compound of 50 hex (obtained as alternation of each tes in the 25 tes compound) stidox = compound of 75 hex in ex army vertices coincide by 5 5{3,3,5}[75{3,3,4}]10{5,3,3} = compound of 25 stico ??? = compound of 675 hex in hi army vertices coincide by 9 9{5,3,3}[675{4,3,3}]18{3,3,5} kadhep = compound of 6 hi ("chirododecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in f3o3x5o army dadhep = compound of 12 hi ("disdodecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in f3o3x5o army affip = compound of 16 hiddip in afdec regiment, in cont army vertices coincide by pairs 2{3,4,3}[16{;6,2;6}] datap = compound of 100 hiddip in dattady regiment, in hi army vertices coincide by 6, edges coincide by pairs 6{5,3,3}[100{;6,2;6}] dethnah = compound of 2 hinnit stoc = compound of 2 (dual) ico in bicont (contdual) army common intersection being a cont [2{3,4,3}]{3;4;3} flagtransitive kitapna = compound of 4 ico in rico army {3;4,3}[4{3,4,3}] chi = chiral compound of 5 ico in a chiral subsishi regiment, in ex army (not all edges being used) common intersection being a hi {3,3,5}[5{3,4,3}]{5,3,3} kitefa = compound of 6 ico ("chirotegmic hecatontetracontatetrachoron") in spic army {;3,4,3;}[6{3,4,3}] bitapna = compound of 8 ico in rico army vertices coincide by 2 2{3;4,3}[8{3,4,3}] bitefa = compound of 12 ico ("bitegmic hecatontetracontatetrachoron") in spic army 2{;3,4,3;}[12{3,4,3}] ??? = compound of 20 ico in a chiral subsishi regiment, in ex army = dox  chi dox = compound of 25 ico in sishi regiment, in ex army common intersection being an ex vertices coincide by 5 5{3,3,5}[25{3,4,3}]{3,3,5} ??? = compound of 225 ico in hi army vertices coincide by 9 9{5,3,3}[225{3,4,3}] ??? = dual compound of 225 ico common intersection being an ex 9 octs each are corealmic (building a compound on their own) [225{3,4,3}]9{3,3,5} sadixhix = compound of 25 ihi in sishi regiment, in ex army vertices coincide by 5 (different orientation of ihis than for gadixhix) gadixhix = compound of 25 ihi in sishi regiment, in ex army vertices coincide by 5 (different orientation of ihis than for sadixhix) xix = compound of 25 ini ("hexacosahexacosachoron") in rissidtixhi regiment, in rahi army ??? = [Grünbaumian] compound of 3 odip in srit regiment vertices coincide by 2 blending out pairs of coincident squares → garpit ??? = [Grünbaumian] compound of 9 odip in spic regiment vertices coincide by 4 blending out pairs of coincident squares → sirc ostople = compound of 2 ostodip ({8}x{8/3} + {8/3}x{8}) 
pedeple = compound of 2 padedip ({5}x{10} + {10}x{5}) gakskos = compound of 5 paphacki ("great chirosnub chillioctacosachoron") ??? = compound of 10 paphacki in hi army in 10sishicompound regiment ??? = compound of 10 paphicki in hi army in 10sishicompound regiment sadegdip = compound of 4 pedip ("stellateddecagonal duoprism") in dedip army {10}x{10}[4{5}x{5}] tripendip = compound of 9 pedip ("tripentagonal duoprism") {15}x{15}[9{5}x{5}] ??? = compound of 16 pedip {20}x{20}[16{5}x{5}] sted = compound of 2 (dual) pen in bideca (decadual) army common intersection being a deca [2{3,3,3}]{3;3;3} cf. details flagtransitive gysfi = compound of 4 pen ("gyrosimplexifissal icosachoron") in pedip army chiral kisfis = compound of 5 pen ("chirosimplexifissal icosipentachoron") in pedip army (because pen is just the 52stepprism within pedip) chiral sifdis = compound of 10 pen ("simplexifissal disicosipentachoron") in pedip army ??? = compound of 20 pen in hi army {5,3,3}[20{3,3,3}] mix = compound of 120 pen in mix regiment, in hi army common intersection being an ex {5,3,3}[120{3,3,3}]{3,3,5} flagtransitive ??? = compound of 720 pen in hi army 6{5,3,3}[720{3,3,3}] pinnix = compound of 120 pinnip ("prismatointercepted hexacosachoron") in romex regiment pestideple = compound of 2 pistadedip ({5}x{10/3} + {10/3}x{5}) gecupady = compound of 5 prarsi ("great cupoliprismatodishecatonicosachoron") blend of 5 gecupadies would result in gad phiddix parstic = compound of 2 prico ("prismatorhombated stellated tetracontoctachoron") pirsted = compound of 2 (inverted) prip ("prismatorhombated stellated decachoron") scupady = compound of 5 prissi ("small cupoliprismatodishecatonicosachoron") blend of 5 scupadies would result in sad phiddix pregi = compound of 3 prit ("prismatorhombated gico") pirgastic = compound of 6 prit ("prismatorhombated gistic") badhidy = nonisohedral compound of quit sishi and tigaghi in sabbadipady regiment, in sidpixhi quitagi = compound of 3 quitit ("quasitruncated gico") quit gistic = compound of 6 quitit ("quasitruncated gistic") ??? = compound of 10 raggix same regiment as gadsadox risted = compound of 2 (inverted) rap ("rectified stellated decachoron") romex = compound of 120 rap ("rectified medial hexacosachoron") in romex regiment rastic = compound of 2 rico ("rectified stellated tetracontoctachoron") rectified stoc roktefa = compound of 6 rico ("rectified chirotegmic hecatontetraconttetrachoron") rectified kitefa robtefa = compound of 12 rico ("rectified bitegmic hecatontetraconttetrachoron") rectified bitefa redox (old: pichix) = compound of 25 rico ("rectified dodecahedronaryhexacosachoron", old: "pentacubic hecatonicosahexacosachoron") in rissidtixhi regiment, in rahi army 2{3,3;5}[25{3;4,3}] brahdet = compound of 2 rit ("birectified haddet") ragi = compound of 3 rit ("rectified gico") ragistic = compound of 6 rit ("rectified gistic") redac = compound of 75 rit ("rectified dac") in rahi army rekatdex = compound of 2 rox ("rectified chirotetrahedral dishexacosachoron") raspohi = compound of 5 rox ("rectified small pentishecatonicosachoron") ??? = compound of 10 rox same regiment as sadsadox spagi = compound of 3 sidpith ("small prismated gico") spagastic = compound of 6 sidpith ("small prismated gistic") sepdi = compound of 3 sirdo ("small prismatodisicositetrachoron") in spic regiment and army siskix = compound of 5 sishi ("small stellated chirohexacosachoron") in hi army {5,3,3}[5{5/2,5,3}] skadhep = compound of 6 sishi ("stellated chirododecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army sisdex = compound of 10 sishi ("small stellated dishexacosachoron") in hi army vertices coincide by pairs 2{5,3,3}[10{5/2,5,3}]2{3,3,5} sidadhep = compound of 12 sishi ("stellated disdodecahedral hyperprismatochoron") in rox army vertices coincide by pairs kepap = compound of 6 sisp ("chiropentagonal antiprismatochoron") in rox army dipap = compound of 12 sisp ("dipentagonal antiprismatochoron") in rox army vertices coincide by pairs sistople = compound of 2 sistodip in gittith regiment, in tat army ({4}x{8/3} + {8/3}x{4}) sople = compound of 2 sodip in sidpith regiment and army ({4}x{8} + {8}x{4}) dopix = compound of 60 spid in sishi regiment, in ex army vertices coincide by 10, edges coincide by 3 10{3,3,5}[60{;3,3,3;}] ??? = compound of 12 spidrox in o3f3x5o army serstic = compound of 2 srico ("small rhombated stoc") sristed = compound of 2 (inverted) srip ("small rhombated stellated decachoron") ??? = compound of 3 srit in spic regiment vertices coincide by 2 2{;3,4,3;}[3{3;3,4;}] gadtap = compound of 36 stadidip in gadtaxady regiment, in hi army vertices coincide by 6, edges coincide by pairs 6{5,3,3}[36{;10/3,2;10/3}] stardeple = compound of 2 stardedip ({5/2}x{10} + {10}x{5/2}) starpeple = compound of 2 starpedip ({5}x{5/2} + {5/2}x{5}) starpepla = compound of 2 starpedip ({5}x{5/2} + inv{5/2}x inv{5}) ??? = compound of 4 starpedip in gap army spidy = compound of 24 starpedip in sishi regiment, in ex army vertices coincide by 5 5{3,3,5}[24{;5,2;5/2}] starstideple = compound of 2 stastidedip ({5/2}x{10/3} + {10/3}x{5/2}) ??? = [Grünbaumian] compound of 3 stodip in wavitoth regiment vertices coincide by 2 blending out pairs of coincident squares → gaqript ??? = [Grünbaumian] compound of 9 stodip in giddic regiment vertices coincide by 4 blending out pairs of coincident squares → girc bitagi = compound of 3 tah ("bitruncated gico") butgastic = compound of 6 tah ("bitruncated gistic") tagi = compound of 3 tat ("truncated gico") tagistic = compound of 6 tat ("truncated gistic") gico = compound of 3 tes in ico regiment common intersection being an ico vertices coincide by pairs 2{3,4,3}[3{4,3,3}]{3,4,3} flagtransitive socdip = compound of 4 tes in odip army {8}x{8}[4{4,3,3}] gistic = compound of 6 tes ("great stellated icositetrachoron") in stoc army = compound of 2 gico flagtransitive trisqdip = compound of 9 tes in twaddip army {12}x{12}[9{4,3,3}] kitcana = compound of 12 tes ("chirotrigonal crystallic enenahexachoron") in rico army vertices coincide by pairs 2{3;4,3}[12{4,3,3}] cac = compound of 15 tes ("chirocubichoron") in a chiral subsishi regiment, in ex army (not all edges being used) 2{3,3,5}[15{4,3,3}] tesqdip = compound of 16 tes ("tetrasquare duoprism") {16}x{16}[16{4,3,3}] bitcana = compound of 24 tes ("bitrigonal crystallic enenahexachoron") in rico army vertices coincide by 4 4{3;4,3}[24{4,3,3}] ??? = compound of 25 tes {20}x{20}[25{4,3,3}] ??? = compound of 36 tes {24}x{24}[36{4,3,3}] ??? = compound of 49 tes {28}x{28}[49{4,3,3}] ??? = compound of 64 tes {32}x{32}[64{4,3,3}] dac = compound of 75 tes ("dodecahedronary cubichoron") in sishi regiment, in ex army 2{3,3,5}[75{4,3,3}] ??? = compound of 81 tes {36}x{36}[81{4,3,3}] ??? = compound of 100 tes {40}x{40}[100{4,3,3}] ??? = compound of 675 tes in hi army vertices coincide by 18 18{5,3,3}[675{4,3,3}]9{3,3,5} tikatdex = compound of 2 tex ("truncated chirotetrahedral dishexacosachoron") tispohi = compound of 5 tex ("truncated small pentishecatonicosachoron") tissody = compound of 10 tex ("truncated small deckishecatonicosachoron") thiple = compound of 2 thiddip ({3}x{6} + {6}x{3}) dathah = compound of 2 tho ("distesseractihemihexadecachoron") in tes army chehah = compound of 2 tho ("chirohexadecahemihexadecachoron") in tes army (different mutual orientation) tastic = compound of 2 tico truncated stoc tiktefa = compound of 6 tico ("truncated chirotegmic hecatontetraconttetrachoron") truncated kitefa tibtefa = compound of 12 tico ("truncated bitegmic hecatontetraconttetrachoron") truncated bitefa tidox = compound of 25 tico in tissidtixhi regiment vertices coincide by pairs tisted = compound of 2 tip truncated sted tomex = compound of 120 tip truncated mix shigdip = compound of 4 triddip ("stellatedhexagonal duoprism") in hiddip army {6}x{6}[4{3}x{3}] fendip = compound of 9 triddip ("fissaryenneagonal duoprism") in edip army {9}x{9}[9{3}x{3}] tetridip = compound of 16 triddip ("tetratrigon duoprism") {12}x{12}[16{3}x{3}] pentridip = compound of 25 triddip ("pentatrigon duoprism") {15}x{15}[25{3}x{3}] ??? = compound of 36 triddip {18}x{18}[36{3}x{3}] ... 
 5D 
Only few is known here so far ...
sorted alphabetically by components 

todin = compound of 2 (alternate) hin stade = compound of 2 (dual) hix common intersection being a dot [2{;3,3,3,3}]{3,3;3,3} cf. details only 5D flagtransitive taxt = compound of 6 hix ("triaxis trigonism") vertex figure of tree vertices coincide by 2 bic = compound of 10 squoct in rat regiment vertices coincide by 6 6{3;3,3,4}[10{;4,2;3,4}] ... 
 6D 
Only few is known here so far ...
sorted alphabetically by components  

soctip = compound of 8 ax ("stellatedoctagonal triprism") {8}x{8}x{8}[8{4,3,3,3,3}] tree = compound of 15 ax ("trishexacontapeton") in brag regiment vertices coincide by 6 edges coincide by 2 in fact its 180 pent facets form 60 gicope trisqtip = compound of 27 ax ("trisquare triprism") {12}x{12}x{12}[27{4,3,3,3,3}] tesqtip = compound of 64 ax ("tetrasquare triprism") {16}x{16}x{16}[64{4,3,3,3,3}] ??? = compound of 125 ax {20}x{20}x{20}[125{4,3,3,3,3}] ket = compound of 36 dotip ("heptacontiditetracositriacontidipeton") in mo regiment vertices coincide by 20 20 o3o3o3o3o *c3x [36 o3o3x3o3o x] gedak = compound of 2 (alternate) hax pok = compound of 36 hixip ("prismatoheptacontidipeton") in jak regiment vertices coincide by 16 
stef = compound of 2 (dual) hop common intersection being a fe [2{;3,3,3,3,3}]{3,3;3;3,3} cf. details only 6D flagtransitive ta = compound of 5 hop {3,3;3,3,3}[5{;3,3,3,3,3}] madek = compound of 2 (inverted) jak wa = compound of 20 tetdip in hax regiment vertices coincide by 10 shigtip = compound of 8 trittip ("stellatedhexagonal triprism") {6}x{6}x{6}[8{3}x{3}x{3}] fentip = compound of 27 trittip ("fissaryenneagonal triprism") {9}x{9}x{9}[27{3}x{3}x{3}] tetritip = compound of 64 trittip ("tetratrigon triprism") {12}x{12}x{12}[64{3}x{3}x{3}] ye = compound of 80 trittip ("heptacosiicosapeton") in mo regiment vertices coincide by 30 ... 
 7D 
Only few is known here so far ...
sorted alphabetically by components  

faq = compound of 36 he ("fissal pentacosihebdomecontahexaexon") in laq regiment vertices coincide by 20 ??? = compound of 135 hept in lin army ??? = compound of 30 naq in barz army she = compound of 2 oca ("stellated hexadecaexon") (dual position) flagtransitive sig = compound of 8 oca ("simplexial hexacontatetraexon") in hesa army 
saz = compound of 16 oca ("simplexial hecatonicosioctaexon") in hept army {4,3,3,3,3,3}[16{3,3,3,3,3,3}]{3,3,3,3,3,4} that one works for any Mersenne number dimension (D = 2^{k}1) fisq = compound of 72 oca ("fissal simplexic pentacosihebdomecontahexaexon") (full symmetric) in lin army flagtransitive rush = compound of 2 roc (inverted orientations) in naq army rassiz = compound of 16 roc ("rectified simplexial hecatonicosioctaexon") deq = compound of 72 roc (full symmetric) in naq army it's the rectified fisq ... 
 8D 
Only few is known here so far ...
sorted alphabetically by components 

??? = compound of 270 fy in bay army sib = compound of 2 ene ("stellated octadecazetton") (dual position) flagtransitive may = compound of 1920 ene ("medial myriaheptachiliadiacosioctacontazetton") in bay army (all 17280 facets combine into 2160 sigs) selfdual say = compound of 1920 ene ("small myriaheptachiliadiacosioctacontazetton") in bif army (all 17280 facets remain oca) selfdual flagtransitive ... 
Simplices in general do miss the inversion symmetry. Accordingly the compound of a mutually dual simplex pair exists for any dimension. It obviously is flagtransitive in any dimension. Also those all are facetregular compounds. In fact, the intersection kernel not only can be provided generally in its combinatrical shape, but well in its correct metric size as well. In dimensional sequence we have:
0D: intersection kernel of o and o is o when scaled down by 1 1D: intersection kernel of x and x is u when scaled down by 2 2D: intersection kernel of x3o and o3x is x3x when scaled down by 3 3D: intersection kernel of x3o3o and o3o3x is o3u3o when scaled down by 4 4D: intersection kernel of x3o3o3o and o3o3o3x is o3x3x3o when scaled down by 5 5D: intersection kernel of x3o3o3o3o and o3o3o3o3x is o3o3u3o3o when scaled down by 6 6D: intersection kernel of x3o3o3o3o3o and o3o3o3o3o3x is o3o3x3x3o3o when scaled down by 7 7D: intersection kernel of x3o3o3o3o3o3o and o3o3o3o3o3o3x is o3o3o3u3o3o3o when scaled down by 8 8D: intersection kernel of x3o3o3o3o3o3o3o and o3o3o3o3o3o3o3x is o3o3o3x3x3o3o3o when scaled down by 9 9D: intersection kernel of x3o3o3o3o3o3o3o3o and o3o3o3o3o3o3o3o3x is o3o3o3o3u3o3o3o3o when scaled down by 10
© 20042021  top of page 